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Facebook, Lifelog & CIA

Was facebook created by the Pentagon ?

30.5.2003

Pentagon Explores a New Frontier In the World of Virtual Intelligence

The Pentagon is shopping for ways to capture everything a person sees, says and hears, as part of a project it says is meant to help create smarter robots.

The projected system, called LifeLog, would take in all of a subject's experience, from phone numbers dialed and e-mail messages viewed to every breath taken, step made and place gone. The idea is to index the material and make patterns easily retrievable, in an effort to make machines think more like people, learning from experience.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or Darpa, the Pentagon's cradle for new technologies, is sponsoring a competition for proposals to set up such a system.

The project could result in more effective computers capable of building on a user's past and interpreting his or her commands, said Jan Walker, a Darpa spokeswoman.

Ms. Walker said the new project had nothing to do with the agency's Terrorist Information Awareness program, formerly called Total Information Awareness -- a research initiative, criticized by civil liberties groups, to create a vast computer-based surveillance system intended to thwart terrorism.

The goal of LifeLog is to create a searchable database of human lives, initially those of the developers, to promote artificial intelligence, the agency said. The technology would advance a new class of systems able to reason in a number of ways, learn from experience and ''respond in a robust manner to surprises,'' the agency's Information Processing Technology Office said.

 To do so, the office said, the system must index the details of daily life and make it possible ''to infer the user's routines, habits and relationships with other people, organizations, places and objects, and to exploit these patterns to ease its task.''

Darpa said any proposals from developers would have to address ''human subject approval, data privacy and security, copyright and legal considerations that would affect the LifeLog development process.''

Steven Aftergood, who tracks government secrecy for the Federation of American Scientists, said he was not prepared to call the LifeLog initiative illegitimate. ''But, you know, it's one more program that demands vigilant oversight,'' he said. ''The more personal experience that can be captured by digital means, the more vulnerable that experience is to unwanted surveillance.''

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2003/05/30/us/pentagon-explores-a-new-frontier-in-the-world-of-virtual-intelligence.html


 2.4.2004 - same day facebook was created:

PENTAGON KILLS LIFELOG PROJECT

THE PENTAGON CANCELED its so-called LifeLog project, an ambitious effort to build a database tracking a person's entire existence.

Run by Darpa, the Defense Department's research arm, LifeLog aimed to gather in a single place just about everything an individual says, sees or does: the phone calls made, the TV shows watched, the magazines read, the plane tickets bought, the e-mail sent and received. Out of this seemingly endless ocean of information, computer scientists would plot distinctive routes in the data, mapping relationships, memories, events and experiences.

LifeLog's backers said the all-encompassing diary could have turned into a near-perfect digital memory, giving its users computerized assistants with an almost flawless recall of what they had done in the past. But civil libertarians immediately pounced on the project when it debuted last spring, arguing that LifeLog could become the ultimate tool for profiling potential enemies of the state.

Researchers close to the project say they're not sure why it was dropped late last month. Darpa hasn't provided an explanation for LifeLog's quiet cancellation. "A change in priorities" is the only rationale agency spokeswoman Jan Walker gave to Wired News.

However, related Darpa efforts concerning software secretaries and mechanical brains are still moving ahead as planned.

LifeLog is the latest in a series of controversial programs that have been canceled by Darpa in recent months. The Terrorism Information Awareness, or TIA, data-mining initiative was eliminated by Congress – although many analysts believe its research continues on the classified side of the Pentagon's ledger. The Policy Analysis Market (or FutureMap), which provided a stock market of sorts for people to bet on terror strikes, was almost immediately withdrawn after its details came to light in July.

"I've always thought (LifeLog) would be the third program (after TIA and FutureMap) that could raise eyebrows if they didn't make it clear how privacy concerns would be met," said Peter Harsha, director of government affairs for the Computing Research Association.

"Darpa's pretty gun-shy now," added Lee Tien, with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, which has been critical of many agency efforts. "After TIA, they discovered they weren't ready to deal with the firestorm of criticism."

That's too bad, artificial-intelligence researchers say. LifeLog would have addressed one of the key issues in developing computers that can think: how to take the unstructured mess of life, and recall it as discreet episodes – a trip to Washington, a sushi dinner, construction of a house.

"Obviously we're quite disappointed," said Howard Shrobe, who led a team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory which spent weeks preparing a bid for a LifeLog contract. "We were very interested in the research focus of the program ... how to help a person capture and organize his or her experience. This is a theme with great importance to both AI and cognitive science."

To Tien, the project's cancellation means "it's just not tenable for Darpa to say anymore, 'We're just doing the technology, we have no responsibility for how it's used.'"

Private-sector research in this area is proceeding. At Microsoft, for example, minicomputer pioneer Gordon Bell's program, MyLifeBits, continues to develop ways to sort and store memories.

David Karger, Shrobe's colleague at MIT, thinks such efforts will still go on at Darpa, too.

"I am sure that such research will continue to be funded under some other title," wrote Karger in an e-mail. "I can't imagine Darpa 'dropping out' of such a key research area."

Pentagon Wants to Make a New PAL

Pentagon Alters LifeLog Project

A Spy Machine of DARPA's Dreams

Hide Out Under a Security Blanket

Source: https://www.wired.com/2004/02/pentagon-kills-lifelog-project/


 2017  .. they call it LIFELOG again !!!

read more: https://www.startupvalley.news/uk/lifelog-social-media-points-equal-prizes/

 

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